Seven major nutrients for lifestyle-related diseases phytochemicals
The average lifespan of pets is now growing just like humans. A 2014 survey by the Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology and the Japanese Small Animal Veterinary Association found that the average life expectancy for dogs is 13.2 years and for cats is 11.9 years. In 1990, when the first survey was conducted, dogs were 8.6 years old and cats were 5.1 years old, so in about 20 years the average life expectancy has increased 1.5 times for dogs and 2.3 times for cats.
It is said that the improvement of food quality and progress in medical care are major factors for this.
However, as the average life expectancy increases, the number of diseases that cannot be prevented or treated is increasing.
The following is the data of Japan Animal Club "Top 10 diseases that cause death in dogs and cats".
|First place||cancer 54%|
|2nd place||heart disease 17%|
|3rd place||Renal failure 7%|
|4th||Epileptic seizures 5%|
|5th place||liver disease 5%|
|6th place||Gastric dilatation/volvulus 4%|
|7th place||Diabetes 3%|
|8th place||Addison's disease 2%|
|9th place||Cushing's disease 2%|
|10th||Sudden death 1%|
More than half of deaths are caused by cancer
Cancer is the leading cause of death in dogs, accounting for more than half of all deaths.
Dogs tend to be relatively susceptible to cancer, and just like humans, the incidence of cancer is higher in older dogs, making it the number one cause of death in older dogs.
It is important to have a safe diet and moderate exercise on a daily basis to make your body less susceptible to cancer.
For heart disease and renal failure, which are ranked second and third, be careful to have a correct diet, exercise enough, and have a correct lifestyle.
Also, avoiding obesity can reduce the risk of developing the disease.
If you are over 9 years old, you should have regular checkups once or twice a year.
|First place||cancer 38%|
|2nd place||Renal failure 22%|
|3rd place||Feline infectious peritonitis 10%|
|4th||heart disease 7%|
|5th place||Liver disease 6%|
|6th place||Cat aids 6%|
|7th place||Feline leukemia 5%|
|8th place||Hyperthyroidism 3%|
|9th place||Liver disease 2%|
Viral respiratory infection 1%
Urinary system and infection problems
Cancer and renal failure are the top causes of death in cats, but there are many other diseases that cause death in cats, including problems with the urinary system and infections.
It can be prevented by regular vaccinations and by keeping your cat indoors to avoid contact with infected cats.
Also, just like dogs, it is necessary to feed them the right diet so that they do not become obese.
Source: Nippon Animal Club “Top 10 Diseases Caused by Death in Dogs and Cats”
Looking at this data, you may feel that the probability of developing lifestyle-related diseases (cancer, etc.) increases with the lifespan of pets. As you get older, your chances of getting sick will inevitably increase.
As the lifestyle of pets changes in this way, we believe that it is important to review the eating habits of pets in order to deal with diseases that have not occurred before.
For example, it is said that dogs need "*6 major nutrients". These are well-balanced in good quality food.
*6 Major nutrients are protein, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins, minerals, and water.
However, in the current situation where the life expectancy of pets is increasing and they are aging, not only the "large 6 nutrients" but also the "large 7 nutrients" are attracting attention as nutrients for a healthy life.
The 7 major nutrients are “phytochemicals”. Phytochemicals are vegetables that are abundant in functional vegetables and contain many nutrients such as antioxidants and vitamins that are not normally contained in vegetables.
It is believed that phytochemicals (functional vegetables) containing antioxidants can be expected to be effective against lifestyle-related diseases.
* In the old days, it was said that vegetables were not nutritionally meaningful for dogs because they could not digest and absorb them, but now the vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber contained in vegetables are essential nutrients for dogs.
Dogs that eat a lot of fiber, in particular, tend to live longer.
What are functional vegetables?
It is also called "vegetable elite", which is a hot topic in the vegetable section of supermarkets, etc. Recently, it is a vegetable whose nutritional value has been increased using technology such as breeding. Ingredients.
Recently, it is common to replenish the necessary ingredients with supplements, but functional vegetables can be supplemented without relying on supplements because they contain a lot of nutrients.
In particular, it contains a lot of nutrients such as antioxidant vitamins and phytochemicals, which are almost not contained in ordinary vegetables.
* Phytochemical is a Greek word meaning plant, phyto = plant and chemical = chemical substance, and is said to be the seventh nutrient in terms of "phytochemicals".
Phytochemicals form the components of plant colors and scents, and are contained in about 10,000 types of plants such as vegetables, fruits, and beans.
* Generally well-known are anthocyanins (which have excellent antioxidant properties), lutein (which protects against eye diseases and harmful rays such as blue light), lycopene (which has approximately 1,000 times the antioxidant action of vitamin E), and catechins ( Obesity prevention) Lycopene (about 100 times the antioxidant power of vitamin E, which can be expected to have beauty effects), etc. By ingesting vegetables and fruits containing them, the power of plants = phytochemicals, It is thought to help prevent many diseases such as lifestyle-related diseases and anti-aging by increasing antioxidant power and immunity.
Most of the ingredients in Tokuho (Foods for Specified Health Uses), which are currently a hot topic, are said to be "phytochemicals."